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model argumentative essay - 11 Feb 2018 21:04


<h1>Argumentative essay about fashion</h1>

<p>However, when you read the essay you will see that you have already studied a lot of the the language and paragraph structures that are used in it earlier in this unit. Also, you have already seen the full text of paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of this essay on the previous page.All these language features that you have studied are written in colour and in <i>italics</i>. So a lot of your work is already done.</p>

<p>Read the essay carefully and then go on to the next page where you will be asked to answer some questions about it.</p>

<p><i>It has been argued that</i> dolphin parks provide the only opportunity for much of the public to see marine mammals (Smith, 1992). Most Australians, <i>so this argument goes</i> , live in cities and never get to see these animals. <i>It is claimed that</i> marine parks allow the average Australian to appreciate our marine wildlife. <i>However, as</i> Smith <i>states,</i> dolphins, whales and seals can be viewed in the wild at a number of places on the Australian coast. <i>In fact</i> , there are more places where they can be seen in the wild than places where they can be seen in captivity. <i>Moreover</i> , most Australians would have to travel less to get to these locations than they would to get to the marine parks on the Gold Coast. <i>In addition</i> , places where there are wild marine mammals do not charge an exorbitant entry fee - they are free.</p>

<p>Dr Alison Lane, the director of the Cairns Marine Science Institute, <i>contends that</i> we need marine parks for scientific research (The Age, 19.2.93). She <i>argues that</i> much of our knowledge of marine mammals comes from studies which were undertaken at marine parks. The knowledge which is obtained at marine parks, <i>so this argument goes</i> , can be useful for planning for the conservation of marine mammal species. <i>However, as</i> Jones (1991) <i>explains</i> , park research is only useful for understanding captive animals and is not useful for learning about animals in the wild. Dolphin and whale biology changes in marine park conditions. Their diets are different, they have significantly lower life spans and they are more prone to disease. <i>In addition</i> , marine mammals in dolphin parks are trained and this means that their patterns of social behaviour are changed. Therefore research undertaken at marine parks is generally not reliable.</p>

<p><i>It is the contention of</i> the Marine Park Owners Association <i>that</i> marine parks attract a lot of foreign tourists (The Sun-Herald 12.4.93). <i>This position goes on to assert that</i> these tourists spend a lot of money, increasing our foreign exchange earnings and assisting our national balance of payments. <i>However,</i> foreign tourists would still come to Australia if the parks were closed down. <i>Indeed</i> , surveys of overseas tourists show that they come here for a variety of other reasons and not to visit places like Seaworld (The Age, Good Weekend 16.8.93). Tourists come here to see our native wildlife in its natural environment and not to see it in cages and cement pools. They can see animals in those condition in their own countries <i>Furthermore</i> , we should be promoting our beautiful natural environment to tourists and not the ugly concrete marine park venues.</p>

<p>Dolphin parks are unnecessary and cruel. The dolphins and whales in these parks are kept in very small, cramped ponds, whereas in the wild they are used to roaming long distances across the seas. <i>Furthermore</i> , the concrete walls of the pools interfere with the animals' sonar systems of communication. <i>In addition</i> , keeping them in pools is a terrible restriction of the freedom of fellow creatures who may have very high levels of intelligence and a sophisticated language ability. <i><i>Moreover</i></i> , there are many documented cases of marine mammals helping humans who are in danger at sea or helping fisherman with their work.</p>

<p><i><i>In conclusion</i></i> , these parks should be closed, or at the very least, no new animals should be captured for marine parks in the future. Our society is no longer prepared to tolerate unnecessary cruelty to animals for science and entertainment. If we continue with our past crimes against these creatures we will be remembered as cruel and inhuman by the generations of the future.</p>

<p>The Age Good Weekend, 16.8.93</p>

<p>Jones, G. (1991). The Myths about Animal Research in Marine Parks. In<i>Scientific Australian</i>. Vol 12, No 3.</p>

<p>Smith, H. (1992). Marine Parks: Good for Business, Good for Australia. In <i>Leisure Business Review.</i> Vol 24, No. 4</p> - Comments: 0

What gets leapt in a leap year - 28 Sep 2017 19:04


What gets leapt in a leap year

<h1>What gets leapt in a leap year?</h1>

<p>2016 is a leap year in the Gregorian calendar, making it an appropriate time to consider the origin of this rather puzzling term. After all, leap implies that something is being skipped over, but a leap year has an extra day, making it longer than an ordinary year, not shorter. Where is the metaphorical leap in a leap year?</p>

<p><em>Leap year</em> is attested from the 13th century, but probably goes back even earlier, to judge from the Old Norse equivalent <em>hlaup-ar.</em> It is thought that the “leap” refers to the impact of the extra, or intercalary, day upon which day of the week specific dates fall on in the year that follows. In a standard 365-day year, a calendar date which fell on Wednesday in the previous year falls on Thursday. The extra day in a leap year causes calendar dates to move ahead by two weekdays rather than just one. Thus, 2015’s Christmas fell on Friday, but the Christmas of 2016 will take place on Sunday, not Saturday. It is that ‘leaping over’ a day of the week that gives the <em>leap year</em>, and hence also the <em>leap day</em>, 29 February, its name.</p>

<p>Another “leap” term has also been in the news this year: the <em>leap second</em>, which is added periodically to the atomic reckoning of time to keep it in line with solar time (one was added on 30 June 2015). The term <em>leap second</em> is modeled on <em>leap day</em>, but while that phrase has been with us for over 400 years, <em>leap second</em> will be lucky to reach the age of 50. Introduced in 1972, the intercalary second has repeatedly faced calls to be abolished. The World Radiocommunication Conference decided, in 2015, to give the leap second a reprieve – and the topic will be considered again in 2023.</p>


<li><em>The opinions and other information contained in OxfordWords blog posts and comments do not necessarily reflect the opinions or positions of Oxford University Press.</em></li>


<h5>Katherine Connor Martin</h5>

<p>Katherine Connor Martin is Head of Content Creation at Oxford Dictionaries</p>

<p>February 29 / 2012</p>


<h3>How did the months get their names?</h3>

<p>As the new year starts you might have recently bought a new diary or .</p>

<h3>The origin of Black Friday and other Black Days</h3>

<p>Across the US, those who are not too replete with their Thanksgiving .</p> - Comments: 0

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